Charging Your Electric Vehicle
Understanding EV Charging Levels and Equipment
There are several options when it comes to managing the costs of keeping your electric vehicle or fleet electric vehicles charged. Charging types are referred to as "levels" and differ in the voltage and speed at which they charge an electric vehicle. When deciding on a charging level, there are some things you will want to consider like the range of the battery or size of the battery in the vehicles you purchased and the miles your staff will drive on a daily basis.
Image source: Brodd, K.
Charging stations are categorized into three levels: AC Level One, AC Level Two, and DC Fast Charge.
- AC Level 1: provides 3-5 miles of range per 1 hour of charging through a standard household 120(V) AC outlet and is adequate for most daily commuters.
- AC Level 2: provides 10-20 miles of range per 1 hour of charging through a 240V (residential) or 208V (commercial) outlet. This option would require that you add a charging unit in your home. It also charges 3 to 5 times faster than the standard Level 1 charger. These types of charging stations are typically found in public areas such as shopping centers, large apartment complexes, and workplaces.
- DC Fast Charge: provides 20 to 70 miles of range per 20 ¿ 30 minutes of charging. In order to install a level 3 charger, you must have a three-phase input and in order to use a level 3 charger your electric vehicle must have DC fast charging capability. These types of charging stations are typically found in high-traffic public areas suitable for quick charge purposes.
More resources about electric vehicles
Here are some other resources that might help you with the journey toward making an informed decision about which EV charging level is right for you.